Who was King Nebuchadnezzar?
King of Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar was the son and successor of Nabopolassar, who delivered Babylon from its dependence on Assyria and laid Nineveh in ruins. He was the greatest and most powerful of all the Babylonian kings. He married the daughter of Cyaxares, and thus, the Median and Babylonian dynasties were united.
Nebuchadnezzar occupies more Biblical space than any other non-Jewish king, his name appearing more than 90 times in Scripture. He defeated Pharaoh-nechoh at Carchemish during the fourth year of Jehoiakim’s reign in 605 BC (Jeremiah 46:2). A year later he besieged Jerusalem, eventually carrying off many choice Jewish citizens to Babylon, including Ezekiel, the priest and Daniel, the prophet (2 Kings 24:10-16). Judea’s last three kings, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah, were severely dealt with by Nebuchadnezzar. Finally on March 15, 597 BC the city Jerusalem itself was destroyed by him (2 Kings 25).
Nebuchadnezzar reigned as king of Babylon from 605 BC to 562 BC, a period of 43 years. Upon his death, his son, Evil-merodach, ascended the throne.
All of the events of 2 Kings 24:1, Jeremiah 27:6, Daniel 1:18, Daniel 2:1, Jeremiah 21:2, Jeremiah 46:2, and many, many others occurred during this 43-year reign. There was only one Nebuchadnezzar–one and the same in all of these Scripture passages.